Wonderful Indonesia

Indonesia is an archipelago in South East Asia consisting of 17,000 islands (6,000 inhabited) and straddling the equator. The largest islands are Sumatra, Java (the most populous), Bali, Kalimantan (Indonesia's part of Borneo), Sulawesi (Celebes), the Nusa Tenggara islands, the Moluccas Islands, and Irian Jaya (also called West Papua), the western part of New Guinea. Its neighbour to the north is Malaysia and to the east is Papua New Guinea.

Indonesia, part of the "ring of fire," has the largest number of active volcanoes in the world. Earthquakes are frequent. Wallace's line, a zoological demarcation between Asian and Australian flora and fauna, divides Indonesia.

History:

The 17,000 islands that make up Indonesia were home to a diversity of cultures and indigenous beliefs when the islands came under the influence of Hindu priests and traders in the first and second centuries A.D. Muslim invasions began in the 13th century, and most of the archipelago had converted to Islam by the 15th century. Portuguese traders arrived early in the next century but were ousted by the Dutch around 1595. The Dutch United East India Company established posts on the island of Java, in an effort to control the spice trade.

After Napoleon subjugated the Netherlands in 1811, the British seized the islands but returned them to the Dutch in 1816. In 1922, Indonesia was made an integral part of the Dutch kingdom. During World War II, Japan seized the islands. After Japan's surrender, Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence on Aug. 17, 1945.


Geography:

Coordinates: 6.1750 degree 'S', 106.8283 degree east.
Indonesia is an archipelago in South East Asia consisting of 17,000 islands (6,000 inhabited) and straddling the equator. The largest islands are Sumatra, Java (the most populous), Bali, Kalimantan (Indonesia's part of Borneo), Sulawesi (Celebes), the Nusa Tenggara islands, the Moluccas Islands, and Irian Jaya (also called West Papua), the western part of New Guinea. Its neighbour to the north is Malaysia and to the east is Papua New Guinea.

Indonesia, part of the "ring of fire," has the largest number of active volcanoes in the world. Earthquakes are frequent. Wallace's line, a zoological demarcation between Asian and Australian flora and fauna, divides Indonesia.

Area: 1,811,831 sq.km


Weather:

The climate of Indonesia is tropical. 81% of Indonesia has a constant temperature as it has uniform warmth around it, coastal plains with 28 degree centigrade, 26 degree centigrade for mountains and Inland, and 23 degrees for higher mountain region, The temperature in Indonesia varies timely from season to season. The length of day light hours also changes in Indonesia according to the season. 48 minutes is the difference between shortest day and longest day in the year.


Population: 253,609,643 with annual growth rate of 0.95%. The ethnical composition as per 2010 census is: Javanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est.

Capital: Jakarta.

Currency: Rupiah

Language: Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, Javanese, and more than 580 other languages and dialects.

Time zone: Seven hours ahead of GMT and 16 hours ahead of U.S. Pacific Standard Time.

Visa: A few countries require their visas to be processed before arrival.

Indonesia is an ideal destination to get oneself indulged in:

  • Devil’s Tears is perfect spot for sunset pictures.
  • Pure beaches. Plenty of them with an archipelago of 17,000 islands.
  • Indonesia is a nation with bountiful heritage vaues with global influences.
  • Wildlife in it’s complete grandeuer and nature is at it’s best.
  • Being located on the “ring of fire”, Indonesia earns tremendous advantage that nurtures over 3,000 under water species that mesmerises any diver. The dive sites include wrecks.
  • If underwater is not your kind of an activity, nature offers plenty to do over water, including surfing, canoes, snorkelling, etc.
  • Balinese massages are world renowned and are acclaimed for their medicinal values.
  • Make that coveted move, get married among stunning natural surroundings.